The example used here is for an essay on Egyptian Pharaohs, however, you can use it for almost any topic. Click here to download the Essay Outline. Below the outline there is a list of links to further assist you.
I. Introductory paragraph- General introduction of the topic, ending with a thesis statement that sets the reader up for what they should expect in the body of the paper. There are three parts to an introductory paragraph.
A. Hook- Something to capture the attention of the reader:
3. Interesting facts
4. Startling statement
5. Question to peak curiosity on subject
6. Shocking statistic
B. A general introduction to the topic- Answer a few of the questions below. Keep it general and do not use any of the facts about your specific pharaoh that you researched. *Note #’s 6-8 should be used immediately before the thesis statement, and only one of the sentences should be used:
1. What region were pharaohs found?
2. What time period were pharaohs in power?
3. What makes this time so interesting?
4. How were pharaohs in general important to history?
5. What are some things that interest you about pharaohs in general?
6. * Research based on (pharaoh’s name) found some interesting discoveries.
7. * One pharaoh in particular that will be discussed is (pharaoh’s name).
8. * In this essay you will discover the world of (pharaoh’s name).
C. Thesis Statement- This is one sentence that transitions the reader from the general topic to the specific focus of the paper. It’s important to remember the order in which you write the three statements is the same order that you are going to write your three body paragraphs. A couple of generic ways to write the thesis statement are as follows (choose only one for your paper):
1. Three things that will be discussed about (name of pharaoh) are:________, __________, and, ______________.
2. Three interesting facts about (pharaoh’s name) are: _______, _______, and _______
II. Body Paragraphs- Body paragraphs are the main part of your essay. Here is where you give the reader all the juicy details you’ve researched. Take into consideration the rubric you were given and remember that your personality and voice should come through in your paper by your creative word choice. Here is the general outline to each of the three parts of your essay:
A. Topic sentence- This should be an introduction to one of the three things mentioned in your thesis statement. Take a look at some examples of topic sentences:
1. The first fact to be discussed about (pharaoh’s name) is ____________.
2. One interesting fact about (pharaoh’s name) is ______________.
3. Another detail about (pharaoh’s name) is ___________.
B. Body of paragraph- This is where the meat of your paper is found. This is where you get to tell about your topic. Be creative; use your personality to make your paper interesting. Best way to do that is to make sure you are using creative words that elicit the emotion. Use words from our vocabulary wall or look through your vocabulary notebook.
C. Transition sentence- This sentence concludes the topic of your body paragraph and alludes to the reader that you are going to change topics. See samples below of transition sentences. The best transitions are not obvious but here are some to get you started:
1. Now that you have heard about (topic), you will learn about (topic).
2. If you thought (topic) was interesting, wait until you hear about (topic).
3. Not only did (pharaoh’s name) have an interesting (topic) they also had an interesting (second topic)
4. (Topic) is only one thing that made this great pharaoh interesting.
III. Conclusion- This is a final word on the topic. It is customary to restate what is mentioned in the introductory paragraph. It is not a place to introduce new information. Here is what your conclusion should contain:
A. An allusion to the pattern used in the introductory paragraph
B. Restate the thesis statement using different language
C. Summarize the three main points from the body of the paper
D. A final statement that gives the reader the feel of closure to the paper
Links to further assist you:
- Description of the parts of a 5 paragraph essay along with a sample: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/five_par.htm
- InfoPlease.com a description of the parts of a 5 paragraph essay: http://www.infoplease.com/homework/wsfivepara.html